Past tense 2: Intransitive verbs

In this Hindi tutorial

You will learn simple past tense for second and third person pronouns.

In the first part of the past tense (see Past tense in Hindi 1) we  learned simple past tense for first person pronouns.

For first person pronoun,the root of the verb gets sound of -आ (aa) if subject is masculine and – ई (ee) is attached if the subject is feminine.

In this lesson, we will try to make sentences on second person pronouns (तुम, आप , तू)  and third person pronouns (यह, वह)

For second person pronouns  तुम (tum) and आप (aap),  the root of the verb gets sound of -ए(ae) at the end.

तुम खेले | (tum khele) = You played

आप खेले | (aap khele ) = You played

For second person pronoun  तु (tu),  the root of the verb gets sound of -आ (aa) if subject is masculine and – ई (ee) is attached if the subject is feminine.

तू खेला | (tu khelaa) = You played

तू खेली | (tu khelee) = You played

For second person pronouns: masculine

Hindi English
आप गए |(aap gaye) You went.
तुम गए |(tum gaye) You went.
आप आए |(aap aae) You came.
तुम आए |(tum aaye) You came.
आप पानी पीए |(aap paanee peeye) You drank water.
तुम पानी पीए |(tum paanee peeye) You drrank water.
आप क्रिकेट खेले |(aap cricket khele) You played cricket.
तुम क्रिकेट खेले |(tum cricket khele ) You played cricket.
आप हिंदी बोले |(aap hindi bole) You spoke Hindi.
तुम हिंदी बोले |(tum hindi bole) You spoke Hindi.

For second person pronouns: feminine

Hindi English
आप गई |(aap gayee) You went.
तुम गई |(tum gayee) You went.
आप आई |(aap aayee) You came.
तुम आई |(tum aayee) You came.
आप पानी पी |(aap paanee pee) You drank water.
तुम पानी पी |(tum paanee pee) You drrank water.
आप क्रिकेट खेली |(aap cricket khelee) You played cricket.
तुम क्रिकेट खेली |(tum cricket khelee ) You played cricket.
आप हिंदी बोली |(aap hindi bolee) You spoke Hindi.
तुम हिंदी बोली |(tum hindi bolee) You spoke Hindi.

For third person pronouns : masculine

Hindi English
यह गया |(yah gayaa) He went.
पीटर आया |(peter aayaa) Peter came.
जॉन पानी पीया |(john paanee peeyaa)
John drank water.
वह क्रिकेट खेला |(vah cricket khelaa) He played cricket
रहीम हिंदी बोला |(raheem hindi bolaa) Raheem spoke Hindi

For third person pronouns:feminine

Hindi English
यह गई |(ya gayee) She went.
मोनिका आई |(monica aayee) Monica came.
टीना पानी पी |(teenaa paani pee) Teena drank water.
वह क्रिकेट खेली |(vah cricket khelee) She played cricket.
माया हिंदी बोली |(maaya hindi bolee) Maya spoke hindi.
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7 comments on “Past tense 2: Intransitive verbs
  1. Bharath Swaminathan says:

    Khel is play. Isn’t it a Transitive verb?
    When I say i played. The question What is asked. I played football is the answer. So for I Played in hindi it must be Meine cricket Khela(for male).
    So why is it in this lesson? and if i am right about this, please do tell me for Aap and Tum (you played football).
    Thank you.
    Love the way your lessons are structured. Amazing!
    Barry

    • Learn Hindi @ Mind ur Hindi says:

      No
      “khelna” is not a transitive verb though you can get answer by asking question “what” to this verb.

      Boy : Main cricket khela
      Girl : Main cricket kheli

      To a boy : tum cricket khele (You played cricket)
      To a girl : tum cricket kheli (You played cricket)

  2. Bharath Swaminathan says:

    Also for Aap and Tum, the root verb ends with the ‘ae’ sound whether it is masculine or feminine right? or am i wrong? now its confusing haha.

    • Learn Hindi @ Mind ur Hindi says:

      Yes you are right. It can work for both genders.

      but for feminine , you can end with the sound of “ee”.

      Both are right.

  3. Maha says:

    I am bit confused about the usage of maine/thumne/ne for transitive verbs. If drink is a transitive verb, should not we use john ne instead of just john for “John drank water”. Drink is associated with object water/juice/etc.,

    Because, there is an example in the previous lesson as ~peeter ne kitaab padhee~

    Please clarify me on this.

    Thanks

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