We’ll learn how to make sentences in past tense in Hindi. Previously, we have learned making Hindi sentences in simple present tense. In present tense, root of the verb gets different suffixes for different pronouns.
for example, a boy will say : मैं खा-ता हूँ | (main khaa-taa hoon) =I eat
and a girl will say : मैं खा-ती हूँ| (main khaa-tee hoon) =I eat
-ता हूँ or -ती हूँ are the suffixes attached to the root of the verb खा-ना to express the verb in a simple present tense
Now let us see what we have to do for the past tense though these examples.
In present tense, a boy will say :मैं उठ-ता हूँ (main uth-taa hoon) = I wake up
In past tense,a boy will say : मैं उठा (main uthaa) = I woke up
The root of the verb takes the sound of -aa (आ) at the end for the first person pronouns of masculine gender.
In present tense, a girl will say :मैं उठ-ती हूँ (main uth-tee hoon) = I wake up
In past tense,a girl will say : मैं उठी (main uthee) = I woke up
The root of the verb takes the sound of -ee (ई) at the end for the first person pronouns of feminine gender.
Please remember that these above rules for past tense are applicable to intransitive verbs. Rules for transitive verbs are given in other lessons.
In this lesson, we will learn simple past tense only for first person pronouns. Next lesson, we will see it for remaining pronouns.