Describing others in Hindi

In this Hindi lesson

You will learn possessive form of third person Hindi pronouns.

Previously you learned Hindi pronouns like मैं (main), तुम (tum),यह (yah), वह (vah)…………..

You also learned the possessive forms of pronouns “मैं” and “तुम”

The possessive forms of “मैं ” are “मेरा / मेरी /मेरे “

Similarly the possessive forms of “तुम ” are “तुम्हारा/तुम्हारी/तुम्हारे”

In this lesson, we shall see the possessive form of यह (yah) and वह (vah)

We will try to make sentences like

His Car is Ford


Her name is Monica.

Just to remind you that “यह” is used to describe objects or persons near you while “वह” is used to describe objects away from you.

  Hindi English
Talking about a person who is near you.

For example:

You and John are talking about your third friend who is sitting together with you.

इसका फोन

iska phone

His/Her phone
इसकी गाड़ी

iskee gaadi

His/Her Car
इसका भाई

iskaa bhaai

His Brother
इसकी बहन

iskee bahan

His/Her Sister
इसका फोन samsung हैं |

iskaa phone samsung hain

His/Her phone is samsung.

इसकी गाड़ी Ford हैं |

iskee gaadi ford hain

His/Her car is Ford.


  Hindi English
Talking about a person who is away from you.

For example

You and John are talking about who is not with you but somewhere else.

उसका फोन

ooska phone

His/Her phone
उसकी गाड़ी

ooskee gaadi

His/Her Car
उसका भाई

ooskaa bhaai

His Brother
उसकी बहन

ooskee bahan

His/Her Sister
उसका फोन samsung हैं |

ooskaa phone samsung hain

His/Her phone is samsung.

उसकी गाड़ी Ford हैं |

ooskee gaadi ford hain

His/Her car is Ford.

Third person possessives

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  1. Sir, i didn’t understand one thing that is in lesson describing others in Hindi you have given sentences like his car is ford or his name is john What is the difference between you have given 3 3rd person (close to you) and one 3rd person (away from you). You have given iska bai joseph hain, iski behan monica hain, for the 1st 2 sets and in other two you have given uska/ uski please explain the difference to me.

    1. Hi Ramya

      When the 3rd person is standing closer to you, you will use “iska or iski” otherwise “uska or uski”
      Let us take one example.
      Ramesh and Suresh are talking about Peter who is standing very close to them
      So Ramesh will introduce Peter to Suresh by sayin, : iski gadi ford hain

      If the peter is not present there and still Ramesh wants to tell something about peter to suresh, he will say
      uski gadi ford hain

      In english both the sentences translate to His car is ford.

      Hope I cleared your doubt!!

  2. Thank you for reply. So for both genders we can iska/iski if they are closer to us . Like wise for they are away from us also uska/ uski isn’t it?

  3. Sir, in this lesson 3rd person sentences are given. In that you gave iska bhai joseph hain means his brother is joseph (close to you). In the same situation can we tell iski bhai joseph hain for her brother is joseph (close to you).please clarify the difference.

    You gave clarification for ramya that iska/iski is used for who are close to us and uska/uski is used for who are far away from us. That’s why i got doubt can we use iska/iski for female gender also who are close

    1. No iska for masculine nouns, and iski for feminine nouns.
      iska bhai =his brother iski bahan= his sister.

  4. Chaitanya the example says:

    iska for masculine nouns, and iski for feminine nouns.
    iska bhai =his brother iski bahan= his sister.

    So to answer your question His sister can be iskee bahan and her brother is ikska bhai. the article agrees with the noun not the subject. So iskee bahan is her sister and you would also use this for his sister.

  5. how do you differentiate masculine and feminine in non-living objects ?? eg: u said dat gaadi is feminine.. den wat about book, etc ??

    1. usually noun ending with the sound of -ee are feminine nouns and those with the sound of -aa are masculine. However, this rule is not general and there are many exceptions.

  6. So there is no verb for non living things.. Lik iska/iskee or uska/uskee and it depends on the feminine n masculine sounds.. is there something lik general/common to be used for all nonliving things.. or what if v use masculine form for all nonliving.. does t sound v different ??

  7. I have a doubt
    how should we chose what should come from among the above mentioned pronouns?
    is it according to the next word to the pronoun or the gender of the speaker?
    pls help me. I don’t understand.

  8. No body can take his place in my life
    No body cane take him place in my life
    Dono sentences me se kon sa sentence sahi hai
    Please reply

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