Be verbs in Hindi : 1

In this Hindi Lesson,you'll learn

Something about “Be verbs” in Hindi

Be verbs show state of being.

I am happy. You are so sleepy.He is a dog. She is beautiful.Her husband was bald.You were so nice to me.

All  italicized words in the above sentences are “Be verbs” in English.A careful observation will show that each pronoun has a fixed “be verb” associated with it.

“I” comes with “am”

“You” is associated to “are”

This is called subject-verb agreement. The verb has to agree with the subject present in the sentence.  The subject -verb agreement exist in all the languages and Hindi is no exception.

Hindi be verbs also agree with the subject pronoun present in the sentence. The different kind of Hindi pronouns have already been covered earlier. In this lesson, we shall study the Hindi “be verbs” associated with those pronouns.

First person pronoun:

मैं president हूँ |(main president hoon) I am the President.
मैं president था |(main president thaa) I was the President.(M)
मैं president थी |(main president thee) I was the President.(F)

Quickly solve a quiz HERE before you move ahead

Second person pronoun:

तुम president हो|(tum president ho)

आप president हो |

(aap president ho)

You are the President.
Male:तुम president थे |(tum president the)

Female:तुम president थी |

(tum president thee)

आप president थे|

(aap president the)

You were the President.


Third person pronouns:

ओबामा president है |(obama president hai ) Obama is the President.
बुश president था /थे |(bush president thaa/the) Bush was the President.
 मैं ___हूँ   =  I am

मैं ____था=  I was

तुम __हो = You are

तुम ___थे =You were

आप __हो = You are

आप___थे =You were

यह/वह ___है =He/She is

यह/वह___ था/थी/थे =He/She  was


  1. one help!!
    u have told to use yah and vah for denoting near and far person respectively.. but here u have used yah/ vah for he / she. does yah and vah denotes the gender or near/far person..

  2. For last five days I start to read lessons. it is awesome website. I love to read. I think I am going to speak hindi very soon. thank you so much for great website.

  3. Sir your website is really helpful. Previous i had fear on hindi. NOw i am interested to learn hindi through ur website.It is easy for beginners. for second person male (You are the President) means tum president thaa. Is it correct.

    1. Thanks Chinni for your beautiful comment. Your answer is almost correct except a small modification. The correct answer would be “tum president the”.

  4. Why can’t we say तुम president है as we can tell तुम Indian है ?

    Anyways , awesome website!!! I love it !!

    1. Hi Sapphire,
      Nice to see that you completed the lesson 1 on pronouns and now started with the verbs.
      Coming to your question, a specific pronoun is associated with a specific “be verb”. In English we connect “are” with “you” or “am” with “I”. In Hindi , pronoun “tum” is always associated with “ho”. All sentences with “tum” as a subject will end with “ho”. So tum Indian hai is wrong. It should be “tum Indian ho”.

  5. आपका प्रयास सराहनीय है । एक छोटी सी बात आपके ध्यान में लाना चाहता हूँ …..
    …..”आप के साथ हो नहीं आता । हैं का प्रयोग होता है” । कुछ लोग बोलचाल में आप के साथ हो का प्रयोग करते हैं पर वह सही नहीं है ।

    1. Hi, Vinod/
      You should see the pronoun first and then use the be verb. Each “be verb” is associated with a pronoun. There is no direct translation of Hindi be verbs to English be verbs.

  6. honestly i must confess you are the best.. ive been learning for some days now and i can see myself improving thank you so much bhai… yes i need to go back to my hindi studies.. excuse me pls !!! smiles…

  7. Hi! This website is very useful to learn Hindi Language very soon. I Like to learn Hindi. Thru this site I can learn easily. Thank u.

  8. For the sentence “You were the President”, there is “tum President the” for male and “tum President thee” for female. Why is male not “tum President tha”. Also, with “Aap” is always “the”? Since President is singular why cant we use “thee” or “tha” with “aap”?

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