Postpositions in Hindi

In English there are prepositions, in Hindi we have postpositions. Prepositions are short words which stay just before the nouns.

Toy is above the TV

Toy is on the TV

above, on are the examples of prepositions in English.

In Hindi, these words are positioned after the noun and hence they are known as post-positions. The usage of hindi postpositions is very similar to prepositions in English.

The following table gives the list of all postpositions in Hindi with examples. However, readers are recommended to take the lessons on Hindi Postpositions from the Hindi Lessons section.

List of all Hindi prepositions / postpositions

के उपर (ke upar)
Above/up  TV के ऊपर(tv ke upar) Above the TV
के नीचे (ke neeche)
Below/down TV  के नीचे(tv ke neeche) Below the TV
के बाद (ke baad)
After TV के बाद(tv ke baad) After the TV
के पहले (ke pahale)
Before TV के पहले(tv ke pahale) Before the TV
के पास(ke paas)
Near TV के पास(tv ke paass) Near the TV
से दूर (se duur)
Away TV से दूर(tv se duur) Away from the TV
के सामने (ke saamne)
In front of TV के सामने(tv ke saamne) In front of TV
के पीछे (ke peechhe)
Behind TV  के पीछे(tv ke peeche) Behind the TV
के पर(ke par/par)
On/at TV पर(tv par) On/at TV
को (ko)
To TV को(tv ko) To the TV
से (se)
From TV से(tv se) From theTV
के लिए (ke liye)
For TV के लिए(tv ke liye) For the TV
की तरफ (kee taraf)
Towards TV की तरफ(tv kee taraf) Towards the TV
से (se)
Since सुबह से(subah se) Since morning
तक (tak)
Till रात तक(raat tak) Till night
के अन्दर(ke andar)
Inside/in TV के अन्दर(tv ke andar) Inside the TV
के बाहर (ke baahar)
Outside/out TV के बाहर(tv ke baahar) Outside the TV
के बीच में(ke beech me)
Between दो TVs के बीच में(do tvs ke beech me) Between 2 TVs

Postpositions take a prefix -के(ke) when they are used with the third person nouns (not all postpositions). In the above examples, the noun “TV” is a third person pronoun, hence postpositions are starting with -के(ke). While using with pronouns, postpostions do not take prefix -के(ke) with all of them. Following example will clear your doubts. In the table, posposition “ऊपर(upar)” is used as an example.

Hindi English
1st person (singular) मेरे ऊपर(mere upar) above me
2nd Person (singular) तेरे ऊपर (tere upar)तुम्हारे ऊपर (tumhare upar)

आपके ऊपर (aapke upar)

above you
3rd person (singular) उसके ऊपर (uske upar)इसके ऊपर (iske upar) above him/her
1st person (plural) हमारे ऊपर (hamare upar) above us
2nd Person (plural) आपके ऊपर (aapke upar) above you
3rd person (plural) उनके ऊपर (unke upar) above them


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