Adjectives in Hindi

Adjectives are those words which describe nouns.  You are familiar with English adjectives : small, big , tall , short etc. There is a slight difference between English adjectives and Hindi adjectives. English adjectives do not modify themselves for the noun they describe.

For example,  1)Big girl, Big girls.

2)Big boy, Big boys.

The adjective “Big” stays unchanged with the gender as well as the multiplicity of the noun.

In Hindi, this rule is slightly modified.

There are two types of adjectives in Hindi. Inflecting adjectives and non-inflecting adjectives. Let us go through each one of them in detail.


Inflecting  adjectives.

Inflecting adjective changes itself to agree with the noun that follows it. Consider following sentences.

Singular case :
Adjective Masculine Feminine
बड़ा(big) बड़ा लड़का(big ) बड़ी लड़की (big girl)
हरा(green) हरा टेबल (green table) हरी कुर्सी (green chair)
अच्छा(nice/good) अच्छा शर्ट (nice shirt) अच्छी पेन्ट (nice pant)


Plural case :
Adjective Masculine Feminine
बड़ा(big) बड़े लड़के(big stars) बड़ी लड़कियां(big girls)
हरा(green) हरे टेबल हरी कुर्सीयां
अच्छा(nice/good) अच्छे शर्ट अच्छी पेंट


Now, how to tell which adjective is inflecting and which is not ?

Generally, adjectives ending with आ(aa) note are inflecting adjectives. For example,all colors in Hindi are inflecting adjectives.Also, the numerals are inflecting adjectives.


Non-inflecting adjectives.

These adjectives don’t care about the gender or multiplicity of the noun. They stay as it is; just like English adjectives.

See following sentences :


Adjective Masculine Feminine
गरीब (poor) गरीब लड़का गरीब लड़की
सुन्दर(beautiful) सुन्दर टेबल सुन्दर कुर्सी
सफ़ेद (white) सफ़ेद  शर्ट  पेन्ट


Plural :

Adjective Masculine Feminine
गरीब (poor) गरीब लड़के गरीब लडकिया
सुन्दर(beautiful) सुन्दर टेबल सुन्दर कुर्सिया
सफ़ेद (white) सफ़ेद शर्ट सफ़ेद पेंट



  1. adjectives ending with आ(aa) note are inflecting adjectives.Like this can we identify non inflecting adjectives?

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